Tiger Protection at Sariska National Park

India is home to 2,226 tigers, 70% of all tigers found on earth!

We work with Indigenous Peoples and local park authorities to achieve a shared vision for a safer and more resilient future, where wildlife remains a visible, flourishing and culturally valued part of the wilderness where our partners live and work.

After a century of decline, for the first time, the number of tigers is increasing.

Today, they would be at least 3,890 tigers from India to Siberia, but much work is needed to protect this species still vulnerable to extinction. Tigers suffer daily incessant pressure of poaching, loss and fragmentation of their habitat. They are forced to compete for space with dense and constantly growing human populations.

In India, which is home to the vast majority of wild tigers (45 Tiger Reserves); the population increased by 1,411 in 2010; to 2,226 in 2014. A census is currently in progress, Indian official sources estimate their population between 2,500 and 3,000 tigers. An incredible increase of 56 percent.

Rajasthan in Northwestern India is home to four national parks (the most famous being Ranthambore) including three dedicated to the conservation of the Bengal Tiger, an icon species and indicator of intact biodiversity.

But Rajasthan is also the most densely populated province of India. Population pressure, poaching, fragmentation of protected areas, corruption, have constituted and still constitute a major threat to the future of the tiger.

In 2005, bad news came from India and the whole world of conservation. The tigers died out in Sariska. The Indian Government then decides to put in place a re-introduction plan. Between 2008 and 2012, 5 tigers from Ramthambore Park are relocated to Sariska. They are today 17 individuals.

This is the first successful tiger re-introduction.

To maintain and thrive this population, the authorities have put significant resources in terms of patrols and geolocated monitoring of tigers. The park includes a central sanctuary area (Core Area: in pale green on the map below), and a buffer zone (Buffer Zone: in dark green) that houses 29 village hamlets. The challenge today, which must be met, is the peaceful coexistence of tigers and men in the same territory.

Challenge

Sariska provides habitat for tigers and other species include 400 tree species, 211 bird species, leopards, deers, antelopes, primates, reptiles. But, non-recognition of community role by state in conservation has led to conflicts over land and poachers took the opportunity of it. Also, human-tiger conflict is a major problem. The future of conservation now depends on solutions that minimize these conflicts. This will be done by integrating effectively traditional land use practices and local communities’ livelihoods with formal conservation management.

map sariskaSariska Tiger Reserve – Rajasthan -866 sq km

Sariska is located in Alwar district of Rajasthan in India. The Reserve is spreads in an area over 1200 sq. km., located in, nestled in the world’s oldest mountain range “Aravali”, the south-west corner of Alwar district in Rajasthan state (India).

KRAPAVIS


“Krishi Avam Paristhitiki Vikas Sansthan” (KRAPAVIS) was founded in 1992 and registered with the Ministry of the Interior of India, under the FCRA law. KRAPAVIS ‘mission is to preserve and improve the biodiversity and ecosystems of the natural forests of the oldest mountains in the world (Aravalli) located in Rajasthan.

Our goal is to work for the conservation of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks through the participation of local people. KRAPAVIS has been working on different aspects of biodiversity conservation: from the introduction of ethno-veterinary practices, sustainable agriculture, to water management, reforestation, and the development of policies favorable to biodiversity. people and the direct involvement of communities in tiger protection (watchdog surveillance). In the Sariska Reserve, KRAPAVIS has implemented 12 years of activities so far.

KRAPAVIS INITIATIVE’s “Integrating Tiger Conservation and Coexistence in the Sariska Tiger Reserve”


Sariska is surrounded by more than 300 villages/ hamlets. There are several tribes (Meena, Bhils and Gujjars) found in and around the Sariska’s villages who are pastoralists. The tribes and their livestock in Sariska share space and natural resources with wildlife. A conjunct of attitudes, practices and techniques were evidence to their harmonious coexistence, even with potentially life-threatening large predators such as tigers. Association of wild and domestic animals had never been competitive- it has, on contrary, been a symbiotic relationship. According to community, domestic livestock and wildlife have complementary functions in the maintenance of the equilibrium and productivity of vegetation. However, the situation in Sariska is extremely complex, and the issues are multi-layered. There is an urgency of a win-win situation for both the local communities and the wildlife including for the reintroduced tigers.

However, the lack of recognition by the state of the historical role of ethnic minorities in conservation activities has led to land conflicts that have benefited poaching of some people, especially outside. Now, tiger-human conflict is also a major problem. Conservation of the species now depends on the solutions that will be implemented to minimize these conflicts.

Goal

The objective of the project is to establish an effective tiger conservation dynamic by combining the protection activities carried out by the National Park with the conservation activities carried out at the community level. Achieving this goal will require the effective integration of traditional land use practices and livelihood activities of local communities into a formal system of conservation management.

The results obtained by KRAPAVIS

Our work includes building local protected area management capacity and coordinating with partners for tiger zone management.

The results obtained cover two aspects:

  1. Reduction of conflicts between humans and wildlife and establishment of conditions for better conservation of reintroduced tigers, through the following actions:• Organization of workshops between stakeholders;• Sensitization of park authorities to the complementarities between domestic livestock and wild animals;• Establishment of village committees in 5 villages to combat illegal trade in wildlife;

    • Collaboration with other relevant NGOs, experts, media and national bodies.

  1. Give communities the means to challenge public actors to assert their grazing rights and have their traditional water harvesting techniques recognized through the following actions:• Realization of resource mapping in 5 villages;• Assessment of traditional and current land and resource use practices in these villages that have revived traditional conservation practices;• Evaluation by the community of the sale of their dairy products, setting up of dairy cooperative;

    • Organizing discussion groups with the villagers on environmental protection and tiger conservation, to sensitize villagers to the new laws in force;

    • Replantation of endemic trees within Sariska National Park.

HOW YOU CAN HELP THE SARISKA TIGERS ?

You can show your love for tigers by supporting us with a gift. With your support, the goal of doubling their population in Sariska is really possible.

Our needs

1. Access to water for tigers

Digging ponds for wildlife and livestock: During the implementation of the above project, KRAPAVIS realized that the key to their restoration and survival lay in the effective conservation of water. Rainfall in the region is impacted by climate change and is highly unpredictable. Although rainwater harvesting structures are widely regarded as valuable for conservation in these arid lands, their application to date has been steadfastly ineffective, with little effort to combat localized soil erosion and erosion. water runoff, especially in wooded areas.

It is therefore vital to rehabilitate or create water storage structures (ponds) and thus provide optimal solutions for tigers, leopards, other wild and domestic animals to have access to water at regular intervals. dry season. The pond is built only from local materials – clay, stone / rock, masonry – which are used to keep them affordable and reproducible.

• We propose 10 reservoirs (ponds) to rehabilitate.

• Renovation cost per pond is estimated at 294,000 INR / (= 3,700 EUR / tank); total cost: 37 000 EUR.

2. Replanting – Plant trees for tigers

In view of the decrease in the quantity and quality of vegetation in the Sariska reserve, it is necessary to continue reforestation (already 40,000 trees replanted by KRAPAVIS). Replanting endemic trees aims to improve tiger habitat and restore sufficient food resources to maintain deer populations (tiger prey). These trees are also useful in ethno medicine for primates and livestock; and improve water retention in soils to combat erosion.

The replanted tree species will be: Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana) and Pilu (Salvadora Oleoides), Dhok (Anogeissus pendula), Kair (Capparis decidua), Hingota (Balanites Egyptiaca), Neem (Azardirachta indica), Peepal (Ficus religiousa), Bargad (Ficus bengalisis), Gular {Ficus glomerata}, Salar {Boswellia serrata}, Babul {Acacia nilotica}, Dhak / Khakhra (Butea monosperma), Jamun (Syzygium cuminii), Shisham and Aonla.

• The estimated cost is 98 INR (this amount also covers the maintenance of the plant after transplantation) (= 1.50 EUR / trees).

• We offer 20,000 replanted trees each year; total cost 30 000 EUR / year.

The estimated cost is as follows:

• Small building – INR 898,400 (= EUR 12,000)

• Equipment and tools (storage, utensils, refrigerator, solar panels, etc.) – INR 400,000 (= EUR 6,500)

• Miscellaneous expenses (eg formation of a “Cooperative or Producer Society” – INR 129 600 (= EUR 1 900)

• Total estimate for a milk processing cooperative is INR 1,428,400 (= EUR 20,400)

• We initially propose to create at least 4 milk processing cooperatives. Total cost 81 600 EUR.

4. Promote the visibility of communities living among tigers and participate directly in their protection

Existing village committee members regularly see tigers, and their tiger survey will be an effective mechanism to improve their protection.

Technical monitoring of tigers: 4 members of the community in 10 villages will be offered a SMART phone to photograph tigers and other wild animals present near the villages and to photograph the offenses. These photos will be shared with other village committees and park rangers.

  • • The estimated cost of a camera is INR 24,000 (= EUR 300)• Number of cameras to buy 40 – Total cost 12,000 EUR.

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